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A database transaction is a logical unit of work that comprises one or more SQL statements. A transaction begins with the first execution of an SQL statement by a user, and ends when it is committed or rolled back, either explicitly with a COMMIT or ROLLBACK statement or implicitly when a DDL statement is issued.


To maintain database integrity, a properly executed transaction must exhibit the four ACID properties: Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability.

Atomicity - Either all of the statements that constitute a transaction are completely executed, or none of them are. That is, the transaction cannot be partially successful.

Consistency - A properly executed transaction does not break the consistency of the database.

Isolation - When multiple transactions are underway at the same time, none of the transactions have access to the results of the other transactions.

Durability - Once a transaction has been committed, the resultant changes are not lost regardless of the circumstances, such as system failure.

ALTIBASE HDB guarantees reliable transactional processing by implementing a database server that satisfies all ACID requirements.

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